期刊 金刚石与世界钻戒市场  

Diamond and Its Global Market

作  者:丁毅 

DING Yi(Hebei GEO University,Shijiazhuang 050031,China)

机构地区:[1]河北地质大学地质调查研究院,河北石家庄050031

出  处:《河北地质大学学报》2020年第1期1-6,共6页Journal of Hebei Geo University

Diamond and Its Global Market

摘  要:金刚石的高硬度和稀缺性使其成为地球上最贵的矿物,经过加工的金刚石成为钻戒的价值翻了数十倍甚至达到惊人的天价,近5年钻戒过亿的拍卖记录屡见不鲜。金刚石除了受到宝石界热捧外,在工业中主要用于硬度要求非常高的钻头和磨料。论文就金刚石的特征、世界上所发现的大颗粒金刚石、决定钻戒价值的诸多因素、金刚石的加工、世界钻戒市场和人造金刚石对天然金刚石价格的影响等方面做一些介绍,为国内的地质、宝石、金融市场等领域的工作者提供参考。

The high hardness and rareness of diamond make it the most expensive mineral on the planet.After being processed into a diamond ring,its value has increased tens of times or even to an astonishing price.The auction records of diamond rings over 100 million in the last five years were not uncommon.In addition to being popular in the gem industry,diamond is mainly used in industry for drills and abrasives with very high hardness requirements.This paper summarizes the characteristics of diamond,introduces the large-grained diamond found in the world,the factors determining the value of diamond rings,the processing of diamond,the world market of diamond rings,and the influence of synthetic diamond on natural diamond,which provide references for workers in the field of geology,gemstones,financial markets and other fields in China.

关 键 词:金刚石 价格 决定因素 市场 人造金刚石 

diamond price factor market artificial 

分 类 号:P588.12+5[天文地球—岩石学]

 

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