期刊 当代中国的中央与地方分权——重读毛泽东《论十大关系》第五节  被引量:242

The Division of Power between the Central and Local Governments in Contemporary China: Reinterpretation of Chapter Five of “On the Ten Prominent Relations” by Mao Zedong

作  者:苏力[1] 

Su Li

机构地区:[1]北京大学法学院教授100871

出  处:《中国社会科学》2004年第2期42-55,共14页Social Sciences in China

The Division of Power between the Central and Local Governments in Contemporary China: Reinterpretation of Chapter Five of “On the Ten Prominent Relations” by Mao Zedong

基  金:中国国家社科基金重大项目“法制与法制国家:当代中国社会变迁中的法律理论与实践”的资助

摘  要:基于新中国的社会时代背景,本文从实在宪法的视角讨论了当代中国政制架构中纵向——中央与地方——分权问题。本文的分析力求表明,影响当代中国高度中央集权的关键因素可能有两个:国家统一与建国,以及革命政权的转型;进一步指出“两个积极性”作为一种非制度化的宪政策略在协调这一特定时空中的中央与地方关系上的政制意义;随着社会经济和政治的发展,当代中国有必要基于中国政制的成功经验和基本格局进一步制度化中央与地方的关系;最后简单阐述了本文政制(宪法/宪政)研究进路的学理意义。

This article addresses the issue of vertical division——that between the central and the local governments——of power from the perspective of effective constitutions in the People's Republic period, and shows that two key factors may have worked in shaping the highly concentrated power: the unity of the nation and the foundation of the People's Republic on the one hand, and the transformation of the revolutionary state power on the other. The “Two Initiatives,” a non institutional constitutional strategy, has been coordinating relations between central and local governments that are to be institutionalized. The theoretical significance of this approach of studying China's Constitutional law is also examined.

关 键 词:毛泽东 《论十大关系》 中国 政治体制 中央集权 地方分权 制度化 宪法 宪政 

分 类 号:D621[政治法律—政治学;政治法律—中外政治制度] A841[哲学宗教—马克思主义哲学]

 

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